We’ve discussed why and how to prepare but now it’s time to get down to business and understand what exactly aptitude tests are. In this chapter, we will take a look at the most common aptitude tests, including numeracy and literacy tests, along with verbal and logical reasoning assessments. Having a clear understanding of the different natures and styles of each form of test can greatly enhance your ability to succeed in them and how to prepare. Given the different styles, we show you various straight forwards ways in which to solve them.
One of the most common forms of psychometric tests is number based. Mathematics is crucial in everyday life and almost all professions. This is why they are such a common feature in psychometric testing.
There are two distinct levels of numerical tests: numeracy tests and numerical reasoning tests.
Numerical Literacy and basic arithmetic operations: the 4 operations, basic calculations and use of a calculator.
Numerical reasoning: Applying interpretation and analysis skills to reach conclusions. are used in jobs dealing with higher-level numerical data. For more information, visit our partners JobTestPrep – numerical reasoning page.
Verbal reasoning tests are language based tests tailored to see how well the applicant can read and analyse a text or apply logical thinking on text based riddles.
Verbal testing is typically found in the form of text analysis and linguistically based questions.
In most cases, the test includes a passage followed by 3-4 related questions. The questions require basic reading comprehension or the ability to draw logical conclusions based on the information provided in the text. The questions are usually multiple choice, with true/false/cannot say being some of the most popular types.
Linguistically based questions
Included in this category are word analogies and odd-one-out questions where quick analysis of words and their meanings is vital. These questions are shorter and require background knowledge of the vocabulary at hand.
Language/Literacy Skills Tests
While verbal reasoning is language-based, language or literacy skills test are an assessment of your level of language and your ability to communicate clearly to others through writing. These are focused on the applicant’s knowledge in areas such as spelling, grammar, sentence structure and the general ability to use language proficiently. Detailed explanations can be found here.
Deductive Reasoning Tests
These tests are designed to assess your logical thinking. Deduction questions may examine your ability to apply a set of rules (“theory”) to a specific example. Deductive reasoning tests can fall into three categories- verbal, numerical and nonverbal. While these categories utilise the same skills, non-verbal reasoning uses shapes and patterns to display information while verbal uses words and numerical uses numbers.
Abstract Reasoning Tests
Abstract reasoning is a broad category that includes tests that ask you to draw logical conclusions based on information expressed through shapes, patterns and words. The major abstract reasoning tests used and discussed below are inductive, deductive and diagrammatic reasoning. Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning involves using specific information to make general conclusions. Tests in this area often include a series of shapes or matrices where you need to decide which answer comes next in the series or which one is missing to complete the series.
Diagrammatic involves drawing logical conclusions based on visual representations. This type of test uses letters, numbers and shapes to express information. You need to decipher the rules of the diagram to answer the questions.
I hope the article gave you a better idea of what different type of Aptitude tests you may encounter on your job hunting journey!